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Process group therapy: definition, use, goals, and effectivity

Reading time: 17 mins
many hands building up

Process group therapy is a form of group therapy where multiple patients meet in a session led by one or more trained mental health professionals. The primary focus is on the interactions and dynamics among groups of patients, rather than on individual issues. 

Use of process group therapy is to enhance self-awareness and interpersonal skills among patients, while recovering from addiction of substance use or underlying mental health issues. Process group therapy helps patients develop coping strategies and gain insights into their addictive patterns, ultimately aiding in long-term recovery by offering a supportive environment.

Goals of process group therapy include developing coping mechanisms, building supportive relationships, increasing self-awareness, improving interpersonal skills, addressing feelings of shame and stigma, promoting accountability, identifying and challenging negative patterns and preparing for life after treatment.

Effectivity of process group therapy is rooted in its ability to create a safe space for patients to share, learn, and grow. By offering a supportive environment, this form of therapy encourages patients to explore their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in depth. The group dynamic allows for diverse perspectives and experiences to be shared, fostering empathy and understanding among patients. This collaborative approach leads to profound insights, improved coping skills, and a greater sense of connection and belonging.

What is process group therapy?

Process group therapy is a form of group psychotherapy where patients learn and apply recovery techniques, enhance interpersonal abilities, and strengthen social support systems as outlined by the advisory “GROUP THERAPY IN SUBSTANCE USE TREATMENT” published by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 2021. This type of group therapy is beneficial because it aligns with mutual-support groups, offers cost control, and effectively provides psychoeducation and coping skills to a large number of patients at once.

The process group therapy is either an open group or closed group. Open groups include patients continuously without a set end date, allowing them to join at any time. In contrast, closed groups have defined start and end dates, typically admitting patients only at the beginning of the process. Typically the process group therapy involves 6 to 12 patients who meet regularly with one or two therapists.

Process group therapy offers therapeutic benefits by promoting social support, reducing isolation and stigma, enhancing communication and interpersonal skills, and practicing recovery-oriented coping strategies with peers. It is just as effective as individual therapy for a wide range of symptoms and conditions, but it is more efficient because a single therapist reaches many people at once. In fact, in many cases, groups are more effective than individual therapy as it reduces stigma and creates a sense of solidarity among patients, as outlined in the article “Group therapy is as effective as individual therapy, and more efficient. Here’s how to do it successfully” authored by Stephanie Pappas published by the American Psychological Association in 2023.

Who can benefit from process group therapy?

Process group therapy benefits patients suffering from substance use disorders, mental health disorders, relationship issues, trauma, life transitions, and those seeking self-exploration and personal growth. It aims to connect patients with similar experiences, focusing on issues like anxiety, depression, phobias, eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance abuse. Additionally, it aids those dealing with grief or loss, obesity, chronic pain, anger issues, and domestic violence, providing a supportive environment for coping with cultural trauma and chronic illnesses. Group therapy is a versatile and effective approach for a wide range of patients, particularly beneficial for those who feel isolated in their struggles.

women hugging each other at group therapy

The article “Group Therapy” by Akshay Malhotra and Jeff Baker published in the StatPearls, last updated in 2022, explores how process group therapy is effective in treating patients with interpersonal difficulties, lack of self-awareness, action-oriented tendencies, isolation, and those who benefit from peer interaction. It highlights the value of group interaction in both challenging and supporting patients, underscoring its benefits for a wide range of patient profiles.

Process group therapy provides a supportive environment where patients facing life transitions share their experiences and feelings, reducing feelings of isolation. Additionally, group therapy helps patients build new social connections and improve their ability to adapt to change. Group therapy is not limited to those in acute distress but is a valuable tool for personal development and community support, offering real-time interactions and diverse perspectives for growth and learning.

Where is process group therapy used?

Process group therapy is used in a variety of settings like mental health clinics, substance abuse treatment centers, hospitals, community centers, educational settings like universities, corporate companies and by therapists in private practice. The article “Group Therapy” by Akshay Malhotra and Jeff Baker published in the StatPearls, last updated in 2022, highlights that process group therapy is used in rural and low-income areas where healthcare clinics face challenges such as understaffing and a high volume of patients. In such settings, implementing group therapy is particularly beneficial by allowing a single therapist to reach and support multiple patients simultaneously, making it more efficient and cost-effective. Additionally, group therapy provides a sense of community and support that is especially valuable in areas where mental health resources are limited. This approach helps address the mental health needs of a larger number of patients, even in resource-constrained environments.

What are the goals of process group therapy in addiction recovery?

group therapy being held

The goals of process group therapy in addiction recovery are listed below.    

  • Developing coping mechanism: Group therapy helps patients develop and practice coping skills to manage triggers, cravings, and stressful situations without resorting to substance use.
  • Building supportive relationships: This involves fostering a supportive and empathetic atmosphere to diminish feelings of isolation and establish a robust network of mutual support. Patients provide encouragement, advice, and empathy drawn from their own experiences, which greatly motivate and empower patients on their path to recovery.
  • Increasing self-awareness: Through interactions with group patients and feedback from therapists, patients gain insights into their behaviors, thoughts, and emotions related to addiction. These interactions provide valuable insights into their behaviors, thoughts, and emotions associated with addiction. By reflecting on these interactions, patients gain a deeper understanding of themselves, their triggers, and their patterns of behavior. 
  • Improving interpersonal skills: Group therapy offers opportunities to improve communication, assertiveness, and conflict resolution skills, which are essential for healthy relationships and avoiding relapse.
  • Addressing feelings of shame and stigma: Group therapy helps patients to address feelings of shame and reduce stigma associated with addiction by providing a non-judgmental space for sharing experiences. This process of sharing and receiving empathy and understanding helps in healing and empowering, helping patients to feel accepted and supported in their recovery journey.
  • Promoting accountability: In group therapy, promoting accountability involves group patients holding each other responsible for their actions, fostering honesty and a sense of responsibility in their recovery journeys. This mutual accountability encourages patients to take ownership of their behaviors and choices, which is empowering and supportive in maintaining sobriety.
  • Identifying and challenging negative patterns: Process group therapy helps patients identify and challenge negative thought patterns and behaviors linked to addiction. Through group interactions, they gain insight into these patterns and receive support to develop healthier coping mechanisms and behaviors.
  • Preparing for life after treatment: Process groups assist patients in preparing for life after treatment by developing relapse prevention strategies and skills to maintain sobriety. This includes identifying triggers, practicing coping mechanisms, and fostering a supportive network to navigate challenges post-treatment successfully.

How does process group therapy work?

Process group therapy works by bringing together a small group of patients with concerns or objectives to convene regularly with one or more trained therapists. In the article “Group Therapy” by Akshay Malhotra and Jeff Baker published in the StatsPearls, last updated in 2022, the authors highlight that including patients who have similar conditions helps patients understand that their symptoms are not unique, fostering a sense of community, acceptance, and belongingness within the group. This approach helps patients who experience social fear due to their symptoms by becoming more comfortable with social interactions.

During process group therapy sessions, patients gather in a room with the seats positioned in a big circle, making everyone visible to the facilitator or therapist. The session usually starts with introductions and patients sharing their reasons for joining the group. The objectives of the group and the therapist’s approach determine the structure and exercises. While some therapists prefer a more free-flowing conversation, others adhere to a set strategy that involves practicing newly acquired skills with other group patients.

Common components of process group therapy include icebreakers for introductions, gratitude exercises, sharing activities, expressive writing for gaining emotional introspection, and goal visualization for personal growth and recovery.

What are the common process group topics?

The common process group topics are listed below. 

  • Interpersonal relationships: Discussions about relationships with family, friends, partners, and colleagues help patients gain insights into their patterns of interaction and communication. These conversations help patients understand their interaction patterns, identify challenges, and learn to improve communication skills.
  • Goal setting: Goal setting involves defining specific, realistic and achievable objectives. Patients discuss personal goals related to recovery, personal growth, or life changes, clarifying priorities, creating action plans, and receiving support and feedback.
  • Emotional expression: Emotional expression in process group therapy involves openly exploring and sharing feelings within a supportive environment. This practice helps patients better understand their emotions and develop healthier coping mechanisms to manage them.
  • Self-exploration and identity: Self-exploration and identity in process group therapy involve reflecting on personal values, beliefs, and sense of self. This process promotes self-awareness, helping patients better understand themselves and fostering personal growth and development.
  • Coping strategies: Coping strategies are discussed and shared among patients to help manage various mental health challenges such as stress, anxiety, and depression. Patients learn effective ways to cope with these challenges, which include techniques for relaxation, mindfulness, and healthy communication. Sharing these strategies provide valuable support and insights for patients facing similar difficulties.
  • Communication skills: Communication skills are frequently discussed and practiced, focusing on assertiveness, active listening, and conflict resolution. Patients learn to express themselves respectfully, listen attentively, and resolve conflicts constructively for improved interpersonal interactions.
  • Boundaries: Boundaries involve discussing and establishing healthy limits in relationships. Patients explore the importance of setting boundaries to protect their physical, emotional, and mental well-being. By understanding and respecting their own boundaries, patients establish healthier and more fulfilling relationships with others. This process helps patients recognize when their boundaries are being crossed and develop assertive communication skills to address boundary violations effectively. 
  • Self-esteem and self-image: It entails examining and challenging negative self-perceptions within a supportive environment. By understanding these beliefs, group patients alter negative thought patterns, fostering improved self-esteem, confidence, and a positive self-image for enhanced well-being.
  • Grief and loss: The topic of grief and loss involves acknowledging and coping with feelings related to loss, such as sadness, anger, and guilt. Patients share their experiences and support each other in the grieving process.
  • Life transitions: Life transitions are a common topic where patients discuss and navigate significant changes like divorce, retirement, job loss, or relocation. They share experiences, offer support, and explore coping strategies for adjusting to these life changes.
  • Mindfulness and relaxation techniques: Learning and practicing mindfulness and relaxation techniques help patients manage stress and improve emotional well-being

What are the process group rules?

The process group rules are listed below.

  • Confidentiality: All discussions and interactions among group patients are confidential. This includes not disclosing the names of group patients or any information shared within the group. 
  • Privacy: Patients are entitled to decline answering any questions or sharing personal information that makes them uncomfortable. They have the right to refuse during participation. The group leader is responsible for upholding this right.
  • Dignity: The dignity rule in group therapy stresses treating patients with respect, prohibiting any humiliating or harmful behavior. It creates a safe space for sharing, fostering trust, and building a supportive community among patients. 
  • Violence: The process group therapy policy on violence has a zero-tolerance stance toward any behavior that threatens or intimidates patients. Such actions result in immediate removal from the group to prioritize the safety and well-being of all patients.
  • Use of substances: Patients are not allowed to participate in the group under the influence of alcohol or drugs, as it impairs their emotions and behavior.
  • Relationships: Dating or exclusive relationships between group patients are discouraged, as it creates discomfort and exclusion within the group.
  • Attendance: Patients are expected to attend every meeting unless there is an emergency. Unexcused absences results in a discussion about continued patientship.
  • Termination: Typically, patients decide when to leave the group with the facilitator’s guidance. If a patient must leave unexpectedly, they need to attend a last meeting to say goodbye and address any concerns.

Is process group therapy confidential?

Yes, process group therapy is confidential. Group patients are expected to respect each other’s privacy and confidentiality by not sharing information discussed within the group outside of the group setting. The therapist plays a role in maintaining confidentiality and creating a safe environment for sharing. 

The findings of John Breeskin’s article “Procedures and guidelines for group therapy”, published by the Society of Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy in 2011, emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in group settings. Patients are expected to keep all discussions and interactions within the group confidential, including not disclosing the names of other group patients or the content of group discussions. However, the group facilitator or therapist breaches confidentiality if they believe someone is in danger, as they have a professional obligation to ensure the safety of all group patients. Violating confidentiality results in removal from the group.

Can process group therapy be conducted online?

Yes, process group therapy can be conducted online using video conferencing platforms or telehealth services. This method offers benefits like increased accessibility for those with attendance challenges, scheduling flexibility, and the convenience of participating from home. Online group sessions offer added privacy, by allowing anonymity or the use of pseudonyms.

It’s important to find a suitable online group to build trust and support for addressing collective issues. Online group therapy isn’t a replacement for traditional therapy but is a helpful complement. The need for medication alongside therapy depends on the severity of mental health issues. Group therapy is also not suitable for patients in crisis or those experiencing passive or active suicidal thoughts.

In the book “Technology in Counselling and Psychotherapy,” published in 2003, the chapter “Conducting Group Therapy Online” by Yvette Colón and Beth Friedman discusses the numerous benefits of online group therapy for mental health support. Online forums provide access to therapy and support, particularly for those unable or unwilling to attend face-to-face sessions, reducing geographical barriers. Online therapy allows for immediate, asynchronous communication, adapting to modern trends. However, challenges include whether virtual communities provide the necessary support and empathy, and if the online format facilitates emotionally corrective experiences crucial for therapeutic change. Computer-mediated communication offers 24-hour availability and relative anonymity, promoting self-disclosure and strong relationships among users. Various online platforms, such as usenet, bulletin boards, and chat rooms, facilitate online group therapy, providing opportunities for support, creativity, and information sharing among participants.

What are the stages of process group therapy?

group therapy

The stages of process group therapy are listed below.

  1. Forming stage: During the forming stage, patients often feel anxious, distrustful, and uncertain about the group. They rely heavily on the therapist, and there is minimal interaction among group members. Providers use this phase to educate the group, establish cohesion, and clarify goals and expectations.
  2. Storming stage: In this stage, patients become more at ease about sharing personal information. Subgroups are formed as patients establish a hierarchy within the group. This stage is marked by internal conflict, which the therapist addresses by resolving disruptive behavior and promoting the development of strong, personal relationships among patients. Reinforcing the group’s goals and purpose helps unite patients during this stage.
  3. Norming stage: After conflicts are resolved, the group moves into the norming stage. Here, patients become more committed to the group and its goals, enhancing group cohesion. Patients begin to take on leadership roles, reducing the therapist’s involvement. The therapist facilitates discussions and offers their insights. Re-emergence of conflicts indicates regression, and the therapist guides the group back to the norming stage.
  4. Performing stage: In the performing stage, the group has significantly matured from earlier stages. Therapist’s involvement is minimal as the group operates independently. Patients are familiar with each other’s strengths and weaknesses, supporting each other’s development and growth.
  5. Adjourning stage: In the adjourning stage, group therapy is coming to an end. Patients feel sad and anxious as they won’t be attending sessions anymore. In this phase, the therapist supports patients in expressing their emotions and addressing the conclusion of therapy. The therapist assists patients in preparing for life after therapy and in bidding farewell. It is important as it affects the patient’s progress.

What are the types of process groups?

The types of process groups are listed below.

  • Psychoeducational process groups: Psychoeducational groups help patients learn about their condition, their tendencies, and the effects that come with it. Together with teaching patients how to avoid maladaptive behaviors and encouraging positive change, they help support adherence to treatment plans. Sessions are organized into a horseshoe or circle, have a curriculum, and run between fifteen and ninety minutes. As an educator, the practitioner actively teaches in order to guarantee patient participation. Different learning styles are used to suit different learning approaches.
  • Cognitive-behavioral process groups: Cognitive-behavioral process groups aim to change learned behaviors by altering beliefs and perceptions. They help patients shift negative self-perceptions into positive ones, promoting self-acceptance. The content varies based on patients’ needs, focusing on beliefs, coping skills, thought processes, or behavior. Sessions, lasting 60 to 90 minutes, are held in a circle layout to enhance group cohesion. Providers play an active role, guiding discussions on thought and behavior modification while allowing group interaction. Providers must be empathetic yet firm in addressing resistance to change.
  • Support groups: These groups focus on managing day-to-day symptoms and challenges. Sessions typically involve discussions about recent problems and their solutions. Support group sessions usually last 45 to 90 minutes and are conducted in a circular format. Unlike other group therapies, support group facilitators take a less directive approach, encouraging connections among patients and emphasizing their similarities. Facilitators primarily provide positive reinforcement and guide appropriate interactions, creating a safe space for sharing experiences and receiving support.
  • Skills development groups: These groups focus on teaching specific skills such as communication, assertiveness, stress management, or coping strategies. Patients learn and practice these skills together to improve their functioning in various areas of life. Skills development groups are beneficial for patients who lack the necessary skills to function in daily life due to their diagnosis. These groups focus on coping strategies, emotional regulation, and socialization techniques. By addressing specific skill deficits, providers prepare patients for treatment and equip them with the tools for recovery.
  • Interpersonal process groups: Interpersonal groups center on relationships and social interactions, examining how support and relationships influence mental health. They acknowledge unconscious conflicting reasons that shape behavior. These groups examine developmental and environmental factors, searching for patterns that influence addiction or recovery. They use psychodynamics to help people change by looking at how their minds work. These groups closely observe how patients interact in the present, as it reflects their past experiences and influence on their current behavior. By closely monitoring the group’s dynamics and each patient’s progress, they ensure that everyone’s needs are met.

How are process groups structured?

Process groups are structured based on the number of therapists and patients, gender composition, age range, types of addiction or mental illness, and whether the group is open or closed. Typically led by one or more therapists, groups vary in size from 6 to 12 individuals, allowing for either more intimate sharing or a broader range of perspectives. Groups are single-gender or mixed-gender, depending on the comfort levels of the patients. Similarly, groups consist of individuals of similar ages or have a diverse age range, influencing the variety of experiences and insights shared. 

The group sessions typically include an opening, introduction of the topic, discussion and sharing, processing, closure, and sometimes homework or action plans. The focus of the group is based on specific types of addiction or mental illness, or it is more general, encompassing various issues like obesity, violence, grief, loss, chronic pain, and anger issues. There are two types of groups, one is open groups which allow new members to join continuously, while closed groups maintain a fixed set of members, fostering a deeper sense of connection among participants. In these groups, patients feel a secure, safe and supportive environment to share their personal experiences and deep feelings, and receive feedback. Patients  participate in structured sessions guided by therapists to develop coping mechanisms, build relationships, and maintain confidentiality. 

How large are process group therapy sessions?

Process group therapy sessions are as large as 15 patients, a size that allows for a diverse range of perspectives and experiences while still maintaining a sense of intimacy and cohesion. This size allows each patient to actively participate and receive adequate attention from the therapist and other group patients. Larger groups lead to some patients feeling overlooked or less engaged, while smaller groups lack diversity of input and support.  

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) advisory on “Group Therapy in Substance Use Treatment,” published in 2021, explains that group therapy typically consists of 6 to 12 patients who regularly meet with one or two group therapists.

Who performs process group therapy?

psychologist

The process group therapy is performed by licensed professionals like licensed marriage and family therapists (LMFTs), licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs), or licensed psychologists (PsyDs or PhDs). These facilitators guide the group discussions, ensure the sessions are productive, and create a safe and supportive environment for patients to explore their thoughts and feelings.

Therapists conducting process group therapy adhere to ethical and professional standards set by their credentialing and governing bodies. Each state has specific licensing, certification, and supervision requirements for counselors offering group therapy services, as outlined by the advisory “GROUP THERAPY IN SUBSTANCE USE TREATMENT” published by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 2021.

What does process group therapist do?

A process group therapist facilitates group therapy sessions, guiding discussions and interactions among group patients. The therapist helps patients understand group dynamics, encourages open communication, and fosters a sense of cohesion within the group. They teach coping skills, facilitate problem-solving, and provide feedback to help patients develop insight and personal growth. The therapist’s role is to support each patient’s therapeutic journey while maintaining the overall integrity and effectiveness of the group process.

The article “Group interventions” authored by Sinu Ezhumalai et al., published in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry in 2018 discusses the crucial roles therapists play in facilitating group interventions to ensure their effectiveness. Therapists employ a directive approach to motivate patients and guide their active participation. They extend discussions on relevant topics to deepen understanding and provide interpretive insights, helping patients gain new perspectives without rushing to conclusions. Acting as enablers and leaders, therapists foster group development and steer discussions toward achieving the group’s goals. Additionally, therapists share relevant knowledge, assist in forming the group, and actively listen to patients’ viewpoints. Efficient time management is vital to maintaining the group’s schedule within the therapy setting’s constraints.

Is process group therapy effective?

Yes, process group therapy is effective as it provides a supportive environment where patients share their experiences, gain insights from others, and develop coping strategies without the feeling of being judged. Group therapy helps patients feel less isolated, improve their communication skills, and learn from different perspectives. 

The article “Group therapy is as effective as individual therapy, and more efficient. Here’s how to do it successfully” authored by Stephanie Pappas published by the American Psychological Association in 2023, explores the growing recognition of group therapy as an effective approach for a wide range of symptoms and conditions. Despite being somewhat overshadowed by individual therapy, recent research and practice have highlighted the significant benefits of group therapy. Studies have shown that group therapy is effective in treating depression, anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, substance use disorders, and more, with meta-analyses indicating its comparable effectiveness to individual therapy.

One of the key advantages of group therapy is its efficiency, allowing therapists to reach multiple patients simultaneously, which is particularly important given the increasing demand for therapy and the severity of symptoms reported by patients. Additionally, group therapy fosters a sense of solidarity among patients, reducing stigma and enhancing therapeutic outcomes by emphasizing that patients are not alone in their struggles.

How long does process group therapy last?

Process group therapy sessions last for a few weeks to months in short-term therapy and months to years in long-term therapy as per the article “What is Psychotherapy?” published by the American Psychiatric Association in 2023. 

group therapy at the table

The article “Group Therapy” authored by Akshay Malhotra and Jeff Baker, and published in StatPearls last updated in 2022, discusses how the duration of group therapy varies for each patient. It continues until symptoms improve and strong relationships are formed and last for weeks, months, or even years. Providers strategize the conclusion of therapy by setting an end date to assist patients in preparing while they pursue their goals.

In the Treatment Improvement Protocols (TIP) Series, No. 34, Chapter 9 titled “Time-Limited Group Therapy” by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in 1999, it is suggested that the majority of improvement in group therapy occurs within a short period of typically two or three months. The recommended schedule for time-limited group therapy is no more than two sessions per week (except in residential settings), with a total of six to twelve sessions, each lasting for 1 1/2 to 2 hours.  

What is the difference between process group therapy and other types of group therapy?

Process group therapy differs from other types of group therapy primarily in its focus on the here-and-now interactions among group patients. While other types of group therapy focus on specific topics or goals, such as learning new skills, gaining education about a particular issue, or providing mutual support, process group therapy emphasizes the exploration of interpersonal dynamics within the group itself.

In process group therapy, the therapist facilitates discussions and activities that encourage group patients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as they relate to the group. This focus on group dynamics leads to insights into how patients interact with others, patterns of communication, and underlying issues that affect relationships outside of the group.

Process group therapy is different from other types of group therapy in its emphasis on the group as a whole rather than on individual patients. While individual patients receive support and feedback from others in the group, the primary focus is on the interactions and relationships within the group and how they are a source of learning and growth for all patients.

What is the difference between process group therapy and individual therapy?

The difference between process group therapy and individual therapy lies in the setting, focus, and dynamics of the sessions. In process group therapy, a therapist leads a session with multiple patients, emphasizing interactions and dynamics among group patients. This approach fosters a sense of community and allows for shared experiences and feedback. On the other hand, individual therapy involves one-on-one sessions in private settings between a therapist and a patient, offering a personalized approach tailored to the patient’s specific needs. This format is particularly effective for addressing deeply personal issues and allows for focused attention on the patient’s concerns.

The focus in process group therapy is on the interactions and dynamics among group patients. The therapist facilitates discussions and activities that encourage group patients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in relation to one another. This helps patients to gain insights into their own behavior and interpersonal patterns. On the other hand, individual therapy focuses solely on the individual patient. The therapist works with the patient to explore their personal thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a one-on-one setting. This allows for a more in-depth exploration of the patient’s issues and concerns, without the influence of group dynamics. 

In process group therapy, the dynamics revolve around the interactions between group patients and the therapist. Group patients interact with each other, offering support, sharing experiences, and providing feedback, which lead to a deeper understanding of oneself and others. In contrast, individual therapy focuses on the dynamics between the therapist and the patient. The dynamic between the therapist and patient is more intimate and focused, allowing for a deep exploration of personal issues and emotions. The therapist helps the patient gain insight into their behaviors and patterns and works collaboratively with them to develop coping strategies and solutions.

Can process group therapy be combined with individual therapy?

Yes, process group therapy can be combined with individual therapy. It helps in an integrated treatment approach and offers a comprehensive and personalized method for addressing mental health concerns. Combining these two forms of therapy is highly beneficial for many patients. Individual sessions allow for a deeper exploration of specific issues and concerns with the therapist, offering a level of privacy and personalization not always achievable in a group setting. Group therapy, on the other hand, provides a unique opportunity to gain perspective from others facing similar challenges, fostering a sense of belonging and reducing feelings of isolation.

Additionally, individual sessions focus on equipping patients with specific coping skills or addressing personal obstacles that hinder progress in the group setting, enhancing overall learning and growth. It is ideal for the therapist leading the group therapy to provide individual sessions, ensuring continuity of care and a smoother integration of the two approaches. Therapists maintain strict confidentiality during individual sessions, and information shared in the group setting is expected to remain within the group. Overall, combining process group therapy with individual therapy offers a well-rounded approach to addressing mental health concerns, providing a safe space for patient exploration while benefiting from the support and shared experiences of a group.